Git and GitHub – GitHub Overview (Part-15)

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1. Github


  • GitHub is a platform for version control and collaboration. It allows multiple people to work on projects together from anywhere.

2. Org (Organization)


  • GitHub Organizations help you manage group access to your repositories. You can create teams and set different levels of access for different people.


  • Organization Name: OpenAI
  • Members: 150
  • Repositories: 100+
  • Teams:
    • Dev Team: 50 members, 20 repositories
    • Research Team: 30 members, 30 repositories

3. Team


  • Teams within an organization are groups of members who share access to the organization’s repositories.


  • Team Name: Backend Team
    • Members: 25
    • Repositories: 10
  • Team Name: Frontend Team
    • Members: 15
    • Repositories: 8

4. Auth (Authentication)


  • Authentication in GitHub involves verifying the identity of users and applications. GitHub offers several authentication methods such as OAuth, Personal Access Tokens, and SSH keys.


OAuth Authentication:

  • Type: OAuth
  • Description: OAuth is used to grant third-party applications limited access to your GitHub account.
  • Scopes: repo, user

Personal Access Tokens:

  • Type: Personal Access Token
  • Description: Personal Access Tokens can be used to access the GitHub API.
  • Scopes: repo, workflow

SSH Key Authentication:

  • Type: SSH Key
  • Description: SSH keys are used to authenticate Git operations over SSH.

5. Action == CI (Continuous Integration using GitHub Actions)


  • GitHub Actions makes it easy to automate all your software workflows, including CI/CD. You can build, test, and deploy your code right from GitHub.


  • Workflow Name: CI Workflow
  • Description: A workflow for continuous integration.
  • Triggers: push, pull_request
  • Jobs:
    • Job Name: Build
      • Runs On: Ubuntu
      • Steps:
        • Checkout code
        • Set up Node.js
        • Install dependencies
        • Run tests

6. Webhooks


  • Webhooks allow you to build or set up integrations which subscribe to certain events on When one of those events is triggered, GitHub sends an HTTP POST payload to the webhook’s configured URL.


  • Webhook Name: Deployment Webhook
  • URL:
  • Events: push, pull_request
  • Secret: your_webhook_secret
  • Active: true
  • Config:
    • Content Type: JSON
    • Insecure SSL: false


Each section of the GitHub structure provides a detailed yet simple explanation of different aspects of using GitHub, from managing organizations and teams to setting up authentication methods, continuous integration workflows, and webhooks. These examples show how you might configure and use these features in a real-world scenario.

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