Git and GitHub – How to push/pull and clone files between Local machine and GitHub (Part-9)

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Git and GitHub: Step-by-Step Guide

Let’s explore how to interact with Git and GitHub, focusing on pushing, pulling, and cloning files between your local machine and GitHub.

1. Setting Up Git

Before you start, ensure you have Git installed. You can download it from

Configure Git with your name and email:

git config --global "Your Name"
git config --global ""

2. Creating a New Repository on GitHub

  1. Go to GitHub: Log in to your GitHub account and navigate to the repositories tab.
  2. Create a New Repository: Click the “New” button to create a new repository. Provide a name and optional description, and choose to make it public or private.

3. Cloning a Repository

To clone a repository means to create a local copy of the repository from GitHub.

# Clone using HTTPS
git clone

# Clone using SSH
git clone

4. Working with Files

Add files to your repository or make changes to existing ones.

# Create a new file
echo "Hello, GitHub" > file.txt

5. Checking the Status

Check the status of your working directory and staging area.

git status

6. Adding Changes to Staging Area

Add files to the staging area.

# Add a specific file
git add file.txt

# Add all changes
git add .

7. Committing Changes

Commit the changes in the staging area to your local repository.

git commit -m "Add greeting to file.txt"

8. Pushing Changes to GitHub

Push your local commits to GitHub.

# Push using HTTPS
git push origin main

# Push using SSH
git push origin main

Example Workflow: From Local to GitHub

Initialize a Local Repository:

    mkdir MyProject
    cd MyProject
    git init

    Create and Edit Files:

    echo "Hello, GitHub" > hello.txt
    git add hello.txt
    git commit -m "Add hello.txt with greeting"

    Push to GitHub:

    git remote add origin
    git push -u origin main

    Pulling Changes from GitHub

    To pull changes from a remote repository and integrate them into your local repository:

    git pull origin main

    Example Workflow: Collaboration

    Clone the Repository:

      git clone
      cd MyProject

      Make Changes and Push:

      echo "New line" >> hello.txt
      git add hello.txt
      git commit -m "Add new line to hello.txt"
      git push origin main

      Fetch and Merge Changes:

      git fetch origin
      git merge origin/main

      Detailed Explanation of Commands

      git log --oneline

      Shows a simplified log of commits.


      git log --oneline


      94ebf5f (HEAD -> ramukaka) ramukka
      421b92c (tag: rel1.0, master) cherry2
      8aa52e5 file10

      61c4cfc (origin/master, origin/HEAD) adding other user

      • 61c4cfc: Commit hash.
      • (origin/master, origin/HEAD): Indicates this commit is pointed to by both origin/master and origin/HEAD.
      • adding other user: Commit message.

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